India Agricultural Tractor Market - Growth, Trends, COVID-19 Impact, and Forecasts (2021 - 2026)

The India Agricultural Tractor Market is Segmented by Engine Power (Less than 30 HP, 31-40 HP, 41-50 HP, and Above 50 HP) and Application (Row Crop Tractors, Orchard Tractors, and Other Applications).

Market Snapshot

India Agricultural Tractor Market Bar Graph
Study Period: 2016 - 2026
Base Year: 2020
CAGR: 4.5 %

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Market Overview

The Indian agricultural tractors market is projected to witness a CAGR of 4.5% over the forecast period (2021 - 2026). The tractor sales in India decreased only in April 2020 due to lockdown restrictions. However, in the later phases, the demand for agricultural machinery, including tractors, increased due to higher Kharif sowing, good cash flows to farmers, a timely and normal monsoon in the country across June and July, continued higher rural spending by the government, and exemption from lockdown restrictions. Hence, there is no major impact on the Indian agricultural tractor market due to the global pandemic. Government initiatives regarding rural development and farm mechanization and various factors, such as enhancing rural wages and scarcity of farm labor, are likely to increase the tractor volume over the long term. In terms of units, India is one of the largest tractor markets, globally, selling 600,000 to 700,000 tractors per annum, on average. The demand for tractors declined during 2015-2016 due to a contraction in the farm incomes, as the production of major crops and commodity prices reduced with lower procurements by the government, owing to adequate buffer reserves. However, India remains a highly lucrative tractor market because of the decreasing availability of farm labor and the rise of innovative business models, such as custom hiring solutions for tractors.

Scope of the Report

A tractor is an industrial vehicle, usually with one or two small wheels in front and two large wheels at the back used in agriculture and other functions. It is used to move the attached implement that does the work of plowing the field or perform other activities. For the purpose of this report, tractors used in agricultural operations have been considered. The report does not cover other agricultural machinery and attachments to tractors. Tractors used for industrial and construction purposes are also excluded from the study. The Indian agricultural tractor market is segmented by engine power (less than 30 HP, 31-40 HP, 41-50 HP, and above 50 HP) and application (row crop tractors, orchard tractors, and other applications).

By Less than 30 HP
31-40 HP
41-50 HP
Above 50 HP
By Application
Row Crop Tractors
Orchard Tractors
Other Applications

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Key Market Trends

Increasing Trend of Mechanization in Agriculture Industry

In recent years, it has been observed that farm mechanization practices have come a long way. Issues concerning farm productivity are tackled largely through the extensive use of tractors and other farm equipment. The employment of mechanized power in the field has been the pioneer for impressive changes in the country’s agriculture sector. The process of providing the subsidy involves all stakeholders, including the Government of India, State Governments, State Agro Industries Corporations, Machinery Manufacturers Associations, Farm Machinery Testing and Training Institutes (FMTTIs), manufacturers, importers, dealers, and farmers. Under direct benefit transfer in agricultural mechanization, the subsidy in the market is shared by both center and state governments. The center releases the funds to the state government. The state government in the country, in turn, distributes the subsidy to each district. There is a focus of the government to transfer the subsidy directly to the beneficiaries' accounts electronically to help minimize the delay in payment and ensure that the benefit reaches the real target. Easy credit availability, fund access, and high usage of tractors in farming operations have led India to be one of the largest markets for tractors, globally. In order to retain its status as a global leader in the agricultural tractor industry, the government is actively involved in the credit ad subsidy process. Easy availability of credit to the farmers is made possible through many financial institutions, and these are led by favorable government policies and subsidy programs. Various loan schemes, easy installments break down to crop cycle, and low-interest-rate plans are there to generate funding for mechanization. As per NABARD norms, any farmer with 8 acres of land can take a tractor loan that is to be paid in nine years, with 12.5% interest over the principal amount. Various concessions from the Government of India, like exemption of excise duty on tractors less than 1800 cc of capacity, have helped small farmers in purchasing the machine. In order to avail loan facility to a greater number of small and marginal farmers, the government has also reduced the minimum land holding from 10 acres to 4 acres over the years and the credit period increased from 7 to 9 years. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act is one such policy initiative for the growth of the tractor industry. The macro management scheme of agriculture is providing a 25.0% subsidy on equipment, like tractors and other agricultural machinery. In addition to the schemes mentioned above, under central sector extension programs, the government provides subsidies for the purchase of tractors below 18 HP. This subsidy is being provided to farmers individually or in groups, having irrigated land between 2.4-3.2 ha.

India Agricultural Tractor Market Key Trends

Advancement in Tractor Technology

India sees advancement in the agricultural sector with the onset of new revolutionary farming machinery, such as hi-tech tractors. The Government of India, through its various schemes, such as Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY), is providing subsidies for the purchase of agricultural machinery purchases, such as tractors, wagons, and other farming machinery, in the country. This, along with innovations by major companies, such as Mahindra and Mahindra and John Deere, India's farmlands are witnessing an impressive advancement in tractor technology. Mahindra and Mahindra launched its first-ever driverless tractor in 2018 in India, with remarkable innovations like these, Indian farmers are likely to expand their yield significantly. In another example, in December 2019, Proxecto Engineering Services decided to venture into the farming territory with its flagship product- Hybrid Agri Vehicle (HAV), to help farmers in India. Thus, with increasing innovations and advancements, the tractor market in India is expected to grow well during the forecast period.

India Agricultural Tractor Market Share

Competitive Landscape

The agricultural machinery market in India is consolidated and is dominated by large global and domestic manufacturers, and farmers prefer trusted brands for assurance of quality and after-sales services offered by the big companies. Machines are manufactured domestically since most international companies have their local production setups in the country. In fact, the Indian company Mahindra Tractors is one of the global leaders in the tractors industry. Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd is the leading player occupying the highest share in the Indian agricultural tractors market, followed by Tractor and Farm Equipment Ltd (TAFE), International Tractor Ltd, and Escorts Limited.​ In order to increase their production capacity and achieve higher sales, companies are indulging in joint ventures and agreements. For instance, in December 2018, Escorts Limited entered a joint venture with Japan’s Kubota Corporation to create a production capacity of manufacturing 50,000 tractors in India.

Recent Developments

In February 2021, TAFE manufacturers of Massey Ferguson tractors launched its new DYNATRACK Series, which is an advanced range of tractors that offer dynamic performance, sophisticated technology, unmatched utility, and versatility, all engineered into a single powerful tractor.

In June 2020, Mahindra launched new Sarpanch Plus Tractor series in Maharashtra, India. This tractor offers 2HP (1.49kW) more power, higher max torque, and back-up torque, to cover more land quickly, which comes with Mahindra’s industry-first, 6-year warranty.

Table of Contents


    1. 1.1 Study Assumptions and Market Definition

    2. 1.2 Scope of the Study




    1. 4.1 Market Drivers

    2. 4.2 Market Restraints

    3. 4.3 Industry Attractiveness - Porter's Five Forces Analysis

      1. 4.3.1 Bargaining Power of Buyers

      2. 4.3.2 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

      3. 4.3.3 Threat of New Entrants

      4. 4.3.4 Threat of Substitute Products

      5. 4.3.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry


    1. 5.1 By Less than 30 HP

      1. 5.1.1 31-40 HP

      2. 5.1.2 41-50 HP

      3. 5.1.3 Above 50 HP

    2. 5.2 By Application

      1. 5.2.1 Row Crop Tractors

      2. 5.2.2 Orchard Tractors

      3. 5.2.3 Other Applications


    1. 6.1 Most Adopted Strategies

    2. 6.2 Market Share Analysis

    3. 6.3 Company Profiles

      1. 6.3.1 Mahindra & Mahindra Limited

      2. 6.3.2 John Deere India Private Limited

      3. 6.3.3 CNH Industrial (India) Pvt. Ltd

      4. 6.3.4 TAFE Ltd

      5. 6.3.5 International Tractors Limited (Sonalika)

      6. 6.3.6 Escorts Group

      7. 6.3.7 Eicher Motors Limited

      8. 6.3.8 Kubota Corporation

      9. 6.3.9 Force Motors Limited

      10. 6.3.10 Same Deutz-Fahr India Private Limited

      11. 6.3.11 CLAAS Agricultural Machinery Private Limited

      12. 6.3.12 Preet Group

    4. 6.4



**Subject to Availability

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Frequently Asked Questions

The India Agricultural Tractor Market market is studied from 2016 - 2026.

The India Agricultural Tractor Market is growing at a CAGR of 4.5% over the next 5 years.

Mahindra & Mahindra Limited, John Deere India Private Limited, TAFE Limited, Escorts Group, CNH Industrial (India) Pvt. Ltd are the major companies operating in India Agricultural Tractor Market.

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