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The African Agricultural Films Market is projected to witness a CAGR of 4.0% during the forecast period (2022-2027). The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted the working of several markets, including the agricultural films market in the region. The pandemic affected the manufacturing process and supply chain networks, resulting in losses for companies and greenhouse producers. It caused delays in customers’ investment projects in 2020, which led to a large decrease in order intake of greenhouse projects compared to 2019. The companies dependent on certain components for producing their products imported from other countries and the production shortage in their importing nations at the time of COVID-19 had severely impacted the market demand.
Agricultural films are treated like a modern-day application used in many innovative agricultural practices. Focus on the improvement of agricultural productivity in the advent of shrinking farmland and expanding population are the main reasons behind the commercialization of this specialty product. The popularity of greenhouse agriculture and modern-day farming practices necessitates the use of agricultural films in the region.
The linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE) dominates the market by type. LLDPE exhibits excellent mechanical properties for covering linear cultivations, such as watermelon, melon, and tomatoes, under low tunnels. Product innovation that includes ultraviolet (UV) blocking, NIR blocking, fluorescent and ultra-thermic films would help the market to penetrate further over the forecast period.
Mulching is one of the applications in which agricultural films are widely used. Since most of the area under agriculture was open cultivation, mulching the soil using films has become a common practice globally. Large strips of the area under greenhouse vegetables and a growing emphasis on high value and export-oriented cultivation of fruits and vegetables are driving the market for agricultural films in Africa.
The demand for protected horticultural productions systems will increase over the coming years in Africa. Climate change, urbanization and a more professional production are underlying processes. Greenhouses in South Africa produce both flowers and (fruit) vegetables, and greenhouses in Ghana mainly produce tomatoes and some other vegetables for the local market. Therefore, the expanding cultivation of fruits and vegetables by the greenhouse method in Africa is expected to drive the market for agricultural films further in the future. Therefore, with the adoption of newer production technologies, agricultural films are gaining popularity thus, driving market growth.
Scope of the report
Agricultural films or plastics are used in many innovative agricultural practices to increase the crop output per hectare while enhancing crop quality. Agricultural films are used extensively for soil protection, greenhouse farming, and mulching. The Africa Agricultural Films Market is Segmented by Type(Low-Density Polyethylene, Linear Low-Density Polyethylene, High-Density Polyethylene, Ethyl Vinyl Acetate (EVA)/Ethylene Butyl Acrylate (EBA), Reclaims, Other Films), Application (Greenhouse, Silage, Mulching) and Geography (South Africa, Morocco, Egypt, and Rest of Africa). The report offers market estimation and forecast in value (USD million) and volume (metric ton) for the above-mentioned segments.
|Linear Low-Density Polyethylene|
|Ethyl Vinyl Acetate (EVA)/Ethylene Butyl Acrylate (EBA)|
|Rest of Africa|
Key Market Trends
Increased Food Demand and Need for Increased Agricultural Food Productivity
According to FAO, the African population is expected to grow, between 2009 and 2050. At the same time, per capita income is also projected to grow across Africa. With the increasing per capita income and growing population, the demand for food is also estimated to grow. For instance, as per FAO, the food demand in Africa is expected to increase by 20% to 60% by 2050. Many factors such as climate change, the outbreak of pests, and the lack of investments, make it challenging to produce enough food.
Due to the increasing population, African food production needs to increase by more than 15%, by 2050, to meet the growing food demand. This implies that there has to be a significant increase in the production of certain food commodities. For instance, the production of cereals must reach around 0.5 billion metric ton by 2050, an increase from nearly 0.2 billion metric ton, in 2018. There is also a decline in arable land all across Africa. According to a report by the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), in Africa, the arable land decreased from 387.9 million hectares of the total land in 2014 to 319.2 million hectares in 2018, and it is estimated to decrease further in the near future. Primary vegetables area harvested in 2020 increased to 10,218.3 thousand hectares with productivity reaching 83,331 hg per hectare as compared to harvsted area of 10,022.3 thousand hectares with 82,785 hg paer hectares of yield in 2019.
Hence, to meet the increasing food demand in the country, the production of crops, such as cereals and pulses, needs to increase despite the limited availability of arable land. Farmers are focusing on increasing the production, by growing the crops in various advanced techniques including greenhouses. This has pushed the demand for agriculture film usage in Africa. Owing to the above factors coupled with the decreasing arable land is providing a competitive advantage for the agricultural films market when compared to the other markets
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Application in Greenhouses dominates the market
The growing rise of sustainable farming due to rising urbanization is one of the important factors that might help the greenhouse film grow during the forecast period in Africa. Mulch films are used to protect the crop from the proliferation of weeds. They also prevent moisture loss and improve crop yield. These factors can be advantageous in the dry parts of Africa, offering growth opportunities to players in the mulch film market.
There is a constant decline in arable land and a growing need to improve crop productivity. Moreover, the world’s expanding population and the subsequent increase in food demand are driving sustainable growth in the global agriculture industry. These factors can help increase the demand for mulch films in the market, as they improve crop quality and aid water retention.
The film protects the crops and the soil from adverse weather conditions. Additionally, the growing environmental concerns are projected to increase the usage of biodegradable mulch films in Africa. Mulching is a part of conservation agriculture, which improves food production in smallholder farming systems in Africa. Tomatoes and onions, the most common vegetables, grow in large quantities along the coast of North Africa, where mulching can be practiced. These advantages are anticipated to boost the usage of mulch films in Africa.
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The African agricultural films market is highly fragmented, where the prominent players occupy around 12.8% of the market share. Berry Global Inc., dominates the market, followed by Rhino Plastics (Pty) Ltd, Gundle Plastics Group (Pty) Ltd, Ginegar Plastic Products Ltd, and Trioworld.
These major players are investing in new products and improvisation of products, expansions, and acquisitions for business expansions. Another major area of investment is the focus on R&D to launch new products at lower prices.
In July 2021, Trioworld introduced a new mantle film or net replacement film product which compresses the bale before wrapping. This new product is also made from PCR material. These new products opened opportunities for an increased circularity and less impact on the environment. This strengthened the company’s portfolio in the global market, including Africa.
In August 2019, BASF SE launched Ecovio M 2351, a certified soil-biodegradable mulch film. Mulch films made of Ecovio can lead to an increased tomato yield from 15 to 50%, less water consumption, and better weed control. This has helped the company in increasing its product quality in the market as well as expanding its reach in the region.
In July 2019, Berry Global Group Inc. acquired RPC Group Plc (RPC), one of Europe's largest suppliers of plastic packaging, for a purchase price of approximately USD 6.5 billion. This acquisition made a combined global footprint of over 290 locations worldwide, including Africa, Asia, and Australia.
Table of Contents
1.1 Study Assumptions and Market Definition
1.2 Scope of the Study
2. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
4. MARKET DYNAMICS
4.1 Market Overview
4.2 Market Drivers
4.3 Market Restraints
4.4 Porter's Five Force Analysis
4.4.1 Bargaining Power of Suppliers
4.4.2 Bargaining Power of Buyers
4.4.3 Threat of New Entrants
4.4.4 Threat of Substitute Products
4.4.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry
5. MARKET SEGMENTATION
5.1.1 Low-Density Polyethylene
5.1.2 Linear Low-Density Polyethylene
5.1.3 High-Density Polyethylene
5.1.4 Ethyl Vinyl Acetate (EVA)/Ethylene Butyl Acrylate (EBA)
5.1.6 Other Films
5.3.1 South Africa
5.3.4 Rest of Africa
6. COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE
6.1 Most Adopted Strategies
6.2 Market Share Analysis
6.3 Company Profiles
6.3.1 Berry Global Inc.
6.3.2 Ginegar Plastic Products Ltd
6.3.3 INDEVCO (Industrial Development Company) Group
6.3.4 BASF SE
6.3.5 Gundle Plastics Group (PTY) Ltd
6.3.6 Grupo Armando Alvarez
7. MARKET OPPORTUNITIES AND FUTURE TRENDS
8. AN ASSESSMENT ON THE IMPACT OF COVID-19
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Frequently Asked Questions
What is the study period of this market?
The Africa Agricultural Films Market market is studied from 2017 - 2027.
What is the growth rate of Africa Agricultural Films Market?
The Africa Agricultural Films Market is growing at a CAGR of 4% over the next 5 years.
Who are the key players in Africa Agricultural Films Market?
Berry Global Inc., Rhino Plastics (Pty) Ltd, Gundle Plastics Group (Pty) Ltd, Ginegar Plastic Products Ltd, Trioworld are the major companies operating in Africa Agricultural Films Market.